- Learn about the main structural elements of a speech- opening, body and conclusion.
- Learn to control the length of each of these elements and make the transitions between them smooth.
- Learn about the cognitive limitations of the audience when listening to a speech.
- Having completed the first three projects
- Toastmasters International ® - "Organize Your Speech" project from the Competent Communicator manual is recognized as a substitution for the second part of this project.
May be used
May be used
Must not be used
Lectern / Podium:
May be used
- This is a two-part project, to be done in two meetings (not necessarily consecutive)
- For the first part, you need to do a Speech Analysis of a selected speech for structure.
- For the second part, you need to prepare and deliver a speech that has a clear opening, body and conclusion.
- The opening and the conclusion must be clearly distinguishable from the body and the speech should flow smoothly from one to another, using transitions.
- Roughly speaking, the opening and the conclusion should take no more than 20% of the whole speech.
- The opening should be strong, capture the attention of the audience and immediately address the question "What will I get from your speech?"
- The body should also be structured into a set of sub points - up to a maximum of five, that follow one of the basic orderings:
- Chronological ordering (sub points are ordered chronologically and follow a time pattern)
- Spatial ordering (sub points are ordered spatially and proceed in a particular direction - along a path ortop to bottom / bottom to top )
- Causal ordering (sub points are ordered in pairs in such a way that they show a cause - effect relationship)
- Faceted or Topical ordering (sub points address different and independent aspects of the issue)
- Problem/Solution ordering (sub points are ordered in pairs in such a way that each pair shows a problem and a solution to that problem)
- The closing should be strong, summarize the main pointsof the speech and conclude with a specific "call to action" or last key message or thought as a take-away.
Project Description(In Progress)
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